Trans-Atlantic Modelling
and Simulation for
Cyber-Physical Systems

Theme 3 EU Workshop


TAMS4CPS held its next EU collaboration workshop on TransAtlantic Modelling and Simulation for Cyber-Physical Systems on the 11th-12th February 2016 at The International Auditorium, Brussels. The workshop provided an opportunity for around EU-based participants to discuss latest developments and future research needs in CPS.

Workshops held in the US consist of activities to:

  • Share EU and US perspectives on the state of the art, strengths and opportunities, and vision;
  • Identify and prioritize trends and drivers, markets, technologies and enablers in the field;
  • Elicit “test cases” (instances of CPSs and CPS design challenges) that can be used to benchmark modelling and simulation products (methods, tools, etc.) against the state of the art and against each other;
  • Identify research collaboration priorities and implementation plans.


Each US workshop is followed by an EU workshop, to validate its outputs in the context of EU priorities and determine target areas for collaboration. The EU collaboration workshop examined the outputs of the third US workshops and thus covers the third theme of TAMS4CPS:

  • Real time modelling for autonomous, adaptive and collaborative Cyber-Physical Systems – This theme is concerned with models that can be used to control dynamic systems, such that they are more efficient in the use of resources and adapt appropriately over the life-cycle to ensure sustainability. This theme will also include aspects of machine learning and distributed decision making by CPS. Human machine interfaces will also be a significant consideration in this theme. Networked ICT has been a feature of supply chains for many years now; however, the current trend in CPS is towards greater distributed autonomy. This theme focuses specifically on creating an agenda to improve M&S for this contemporary advancement; the resulting collaborative research, if successful, will enable wider adoption of highly intelligent networked systems.


What is a test case?

Test cases act like exemplars that will serve as demonstrators for stretching the capabilities of CPS modelling tools and techniques. The role of test cases is to provide M&S developers with a means to evaluate their product against the state of the art and other products. The format of a test case may vary depending on the M&S research area: some may require an accompanying data set, whereas others may just be a description of the use case. The minimal requirement for a test case is a detailed enough description to provide an unambiguous specification of a cyber-physical system. Ideally a test case should contain specifications for three different competency levels to provide a form of benchmark for an M&S product.



The workshop consisted of 4 half-day sessions.

Session ID Timing Overview
1 11 February, a.m. Mutual introductions: EU and US perspectives on: the state of the art, EU and US strengths & opportunities, EU and US vision
2 11 February, p.m. Roadmapping exercise: trends & drivers; needs / markets; opportunities; technologies (either current or needed); enablers / barriers;
3 12 February, a.m. Identification of research collaboration priorities and Test Cases
4 12 February, p.m. Funding opportunities and mechanisms


Preparational materials are available under resources.